A PLLC can also opt for a transfer tax status, which means that only the owners are taxed and not the company itself. LLLPs can create employee pension plans with higher contribution limits than those available to sole proprietorships or partnerships. A professional limited liability company or PLLC is a type of limited liability company owned and operated by members of the same profession and can only provide services related to their profession. Lawyers, for example, would be members of a law firm structured as a PLLC, and a lawyer`s PLLC can only provide legal services. Some states require that all lawyers who run a legal business must form a PLLC. The purpose of organizing a business as a PLLC – or as a regular LLC – is to protect owners from personal liability for the company`s debts. In sole proprietorships and partnerships, owners have unlimited liability, which means that if the company does not pay its debts, creditors can try to seize the owners` personal property. Companies, on the other hand, give their owners limited liability. Shareholders of companies may lose their investment, but no more. LLCs and LLLCs offer business-type liability protection to their owners, but save them from having to comply with many business requirements. PLLC stands for Professional Limited Liability Company. It is essentially the same as an LLC, except that it is owned and operated by members of the same professions as lawyers or accountants. After the creation of a PLLC, it is important to maintain limited liability for the owners by treating the company as a separate legal entity.
This means getting a separate business bank account, a credit card only for business purposes, and tracking the company`s finances separately from an owner`s personal finances. PLLCs, like regular LLCs, are units of transmission for tax purposes at the federal and state levels. This means that each owner pays federal and state income taxes on their share of corporate profits. The LLC itself does not pay federal income tax. Alternatively, the LLC may choose to be taxed as a corporation and pay corporate income tax on profits. An LLC is a hybrid corporation that combines a corporation`s liability shield with the tax benefits of a partnership. However, some states do not allow people with a professional license, such as doctors, lawyers, or engineers, to form an LLC. Instead, these people have to form PLLCs. A LLC has the same legal structure as an LLC.
However, the state licensing board must review the licenses of all owners of a PLLC and approve its formation. As a business, LLCs must register in states where they “do business (or conduct transactions). Each state has different standards and rules that define what it means to “do business” and, therefore, navigating what is required can be quite confusing for small business owners. Simply forming an LLC in one state may not be sufficient to meet legal requirements, especially if an LLC is formed in one state, but the owner (or owners) are in another state (or states), or an employee is in another state, or the LLC`s operating base is in another state, The LLC may need to register as a foreign LLC in other states where these are “transactional transactions.”  LLCPs pay taxes in the same way as LLCs. The LLP itself does not pay taxes. The LLP`s net income and losses are transferred to each member. Each member then claims their share of the net income and loss as part of their tax return. Several states recognize PLLC as a special type of LLC for licensed professionals — such as lawyers, accountants, physicians, and architects. Licensed professionals can also create other types of business units.
For example, some states allow professionals to form limited liability companies (LLP), and others recognize an entity called a professional corporation (PC). The Secretary of State or the Enterprise Reporting Authority in your state can tell you more about the rules applicable to professional enterprises in your state. Forming a PLLC is similar to creating a regular LLC, although the forms involved may be slightly different. .